Holy Week, we walk with Jesus through his Passion. Today, on Palm
Sunday, we join the crowd of disciples who welcome the Lord as he
enters Jerusalem. On Holy Thursday, we are present at the table of
the Last Supper, and watch with Jesus in the garden, as he faces the
horror of the death that awaits him. On Good Friday, we are witnesses
to his condemnation, crucifixion and death. On Holy Saturday, we wait
quietly, before sharing in the joy of the Resurrection on Easter
Church’s liturgy invites us also to share in the emotions of the
Passion. Jesus is betrayed by Judas and abandoned by all of his
closest friends. The crowd who welcomed him with ‘Hosannas’ shout
for his blood. On the Cross, he even feels forsaken by his Father. He
dies, mocked and discredited. The Son of God empties himself
completely for our sake. The more deeply we enter into the reality of
Christ’s sufferings, the more we will understand the depth of
God’s love for us, and the greater our joy in the Resurrection.
takes two to commit the sin of adultery. But only the woman is
brought to Jesus. She is publicly humiliated by the scribes and
Pharisees – made to stand in full view of the crowd. The Law of
Moses prescribed stoning to death as the punishment for adultery, but
by Jesus’ time, that penalty had fallen into disuse. Jesus’
opponents are setting a trap for him. Will he contradict the Law, or
will he encourage the crowd to lynch the woman there and then? The
accusers are full of righteous indignation. Jesus’ response shows
up their hypocrisy. Not one among them is confident enough of his own
sinlessness to throw the first stone.
live in an unequal society. It is still, often, women, the poor or
the powerless who are judged and condemned. As disciples of Christ,
we must not be self-righteous accusers. Knowing our own need for
God’s mercy, we should follow the example of the Lord, who does not
speaks to the crowd about two shocking incidents. A group of
worshippers have been slaughtered by Pilate’s troops while offering
sacrifice to God; and a tower has collapsed and killed eighteen
people. It was commonplace in Jesus’ time to believe that such
misfortunes were God’s punishment for sin, but Jesus rejects that
idea. His Father is a loving God, who desires that every one of his
children should live and flourish. But in our fallen world, life is
fragile. We do not know the day or the hour when God will call us out
of this world. And so Jesus uses these examples to teach the people
to repent. Repentance is a change of heart and mind – a turning
back to God – a reorientation of our whole lives. Repentance brings
fruits of faith, hope and love. The season of Lent is a time for
repentance. As in the parable of the unfruitful fig tree, God gives
us the opportunity to repent and be fruitful. Now is the time.
The images used by Jesus in today’s Gospel hit home. It’s easier to spot the splinter in someone else’s eye – their trivial faults or mistakes – than to acknowledge our own, perhaps far more serious sins. If we have the responsibility of guiding others, we can only find the right way if we first allow the Lord to open our eyes. Otherwise, we fall into the pit of hypocrisy. The Greek word ‘hypocrite’ means an actor – one who wears a mask. If our apparent holiness is a mask, we cannot guide others well. We cannot produce good fruits for Christ unless we have been converted and had our hearts turned to him.
This teaching of Jesus challenges us; not to give up on our responsibility to witness to our faith, to teach and to lead, but to be constantly aware of our own need for God’s mercy. True humility is a sincere recognition of our own weakness and sinfulness. In humility, we can guide and help our fellow disciples, and we can be fruitful.
today’s Gospel, we hear one of Jesus’ hardest teachings. When we
suffer injustice, our instinct is to fight back, even to seek
revenge. If we see someone as an enemy, we want to make them suffer.
But the Lord calls us to do the opposite: to love our enemies, and to
offer no resistance to those who do us violence. It’s an incredibly
radical message. We might wonder if it’s even possible to live by
such a teaching. But when we look at our world, we see the damage
that is done by violence, the will to power and the desire for
revenge. Surely someone has to break the cycle, by responding with
forgiveness instead of vengeance.
is impossible to live out this teaching, in human terms. We can only
live it by God’s grace. Our example is Jesus himself, who, as he
was nailed to the Cross, prayed for his executioners. If we reflect
on the mercy and compassion that we ourselves have received from God,
perhaps we can learn to show the same compassion to one another.
In today’s Gospel, Jesus addresses an audience made up of two groups: ‘a large gathering of his disciples’ – those who have made a commitment to him and his teaching – and ‘a great crowd of people from all parts’ – those who are drawn to him, but hesitate to commit themselves. Jesus ‘fixes his eyes on his disciples,’ but his teaching seems to be directed to everyone. And it is a starting message. The poor, the hungry and the sad, Jesus says, are happy or blessed, while those who are wealthy and comfortable should be grieving.
Jesus is describing the values of the kingdom of God. God has a special love for the poor, while the wealthy and privileged have a heavy responsibility. Recognising their good fortune, they are called to act with justice and love towards their brothers and sisters. The kingdom of God, in our Lord’s teaching, is not just a place where we hope to go when we die. The kingdom of God begins here and now, in our hearts and in our Christian communities. Jesus is calling us to action, here and now.
Jesus is speaking in the synagogue in his home town of Nazareth. At first, his words meet with approval. But as he begins to challenge the worshippers, their mood changes. Jesus sees that the people of Nazareth are looking for miracles and wonders, like the ones they have heard about elsewhere, before they will put their faith in him. He reminds them that their ancestors rejected all of the prophets sent by God, and that God’s love and mercy are not restricted to one nation, but are for the whole of humanity. No wonder the members of the synagogue congregation become angry, and try to drive Jesus out of town!
The rejection that Jesus suffers in Nazareth recalls the rejection suffered by the prophets before him, and points forward to his ultimate rejection and crucifixion. Jesus will stand firm in the face of all the attacks on him. His response to opposition is not anger, but perfect love.
In today’s Gospel, Jesus speaks in public for the first time. Filled with the Holy Spirit, he begins his ministry of teaching. In the synagogue in his home town of Nazareth, he chooses the words of the prophet Isaiah, to tell the people that his coming is good news for the poor, for prisoners, for the sick and the downtrodden. The promises that God made through the prophets are being fulfilled in Christ.
The Gospels show Jesus encountering different reactions to his ministry. Those who are poor and powerless will welcome his message of hope. The sick will flock to him for healing. Others, though, will reject the challenge of his teaching – the call to act justly and to forgive those who wrong us. The Word of God is life-giving, but also disturbing. It is a Word that changes the world. The Spirit of the Lord has been given to us, too, and the Spirit calls us to action.
The wedding feast at Cana would be a huge celebration. The whole village would be invited, along with the family and friends of the bride and groom. It was a joyful day. But if the wedding party ran out of wine, joy would turn into embarrassment and social disgrace for the host family. Jesus’ mother spots the situation, and turns to her son, with absolute confidence that he has the power to help. Though Jesus at first seems reluctant, he works a miracle that saves the day: by changing water into wine, he transforms embarrassment into delight.
In John’s Gospel, Jesus’ miracles are described as ‘signs.’ They are signs that God is with Jesus, and working through him. The signs bring about faith, for those who are ready to see. This miracle, prompted by the unquestioning faith of Jesus’ mother, reveals Jesus’ glory and leads his disciples to believe in him. The revealing of the Son of God, which begins at Christmas and continues at Epiphany, reaches a new stage. Now Jesus will be revealed to the whole world.
John the Baptist drew the people with his message of repentance. They came to John for baptism in the River Jordan; a symbolic action, showing their desire for forgiveness of their sins and a new direction in their lives. So why does Jesus come to be baptised by John? He is without sin, and has no need for repentance or forgiveness. But, by immersing himself in the waters of the Jordan, Jesus shows us that he is fully immersed in our human condition. His baptism symbolises his unconditional ‘Yes’ to his Father’s plan of salvation. Without sin himself, he will share fully in the consequences of sin, all the way to the Cross. After his baptism, Jesus receives the Holy Spirit and hears words of consolation and encouragement from God the Father: ‘You are my Son, the Beloved.’ In our own baptism, we said ‘Yes’ to God’s plan for us, and we were adopted as God’s children – brothers and sisters of his beloved Son.
Christmas night, the shepherds looked into the sky and saw angels
announcing the birth of Jesus. The wise men, experts in the movements
of the stars, also looked into the sky, and they saw the star that
signified the coming of the Christ. The shepherds symbolize Israel,
God’s chosen people; the wise men stand for the Gentiles, the
‘nations of the earth.’ On the feast of Epiphany –
‘manifestation’ – the coming of the Son of God begins to be
made known to all the nations. The wise men follow the star, seeking
the truth. They are an example of ‘faith seeking understanding’
in the words of St Anselm. In contrast to the wise men, King Herod
and his advisers have access to the Scriptures, but are not ready to
hear the message of Christ’s coming. The wise men bring handsome
gifts – gifts fit for a King – expecting nothing in return. They
show us an example of the open and generous response of true
disciples to the birth of Christ. The Feast of the Epiphany reminds
us that true disciples are drawn from all the nations of the earth.
Christ comes to unite us in faith.
Today’s Gospel shows us two expectant mothers rejoicing together. Mary is a young woman, not yet married; Elizabeth is older, and she thought that her time for bearing a child had gone. Each has become a mother through God’s miraculous intervention, and they celebrate. John the Baptist, in his mother’s womb, shares in the rejoicing, leaping for joy at the presence of the unborn Jesus. Elizabeth and Mary are faithful daughters of Israel, and they rejoice at God’s fulfilment of his promises to his people. Mary is carrying the Saviour in her womb, Elizabeth the great prophet who will announce his coming. Each of these women will faithfully play her part in God’s plan of salvation.
Sadness, too, lies ahead for both mothers. As Simeon prophesies, ‘a sword will pierce the heart’ of Mary, and Elizabeth will also see her son’s life cut short. Their faith will be tested. But at this moment, they can rejoice. Even before their children are born, hope has been born; hope for the whole world, thanks to God’s faithful love.
In today’s Gospel, John the Baptist is asked three times, ‘What must we do?’ John’s preaching has awakened the people’s conscience. He has shown them that they need to repent and change their lives, and so they come to him for guidance. John’s response is simple, practical and radical. Tax collectors and soldiers were despised as sinners, collaborators with the occupying Roman forces. John doesn’t dismiss their question, but simply tells them to be honest and not corrupt. More startlingly, anyone who has more than enough food or clothing is called to share what they have with the poor. John doesn’t tell his disciples to take on extra religious observances, or to withdraw from the society in which they live. Instead, he challenges the people to overcome injustice by acting justly.
Today is traditionally called Gaudete Sunday, when we can begin to rejoice at the Good News of our redemption. The Messiah is coming soon. We prepare the way for Christ by repentance; and our repentance is expressed in simple and practical ways – by acting justly.
Luke introduces the ministry of John the Baptist by saying that ‘the Word of God came to John in the wilderness.’ John’s message is one of repentance; a radical change of heart and mind. Like the Old Testament prophets who went before him, John challenges the people to turn back towards God with their whole hearts. The promise is that repentance will bring forgiveness; God in his mercy will set his people free from their sins. John’s prophetic word is addressed to us, too. In Advent, we are challenged to repent and turn back to God. By our repentance, we prepare the path for the Lord, clearing away the obstacles that stand in his way, so that we will be ready to welcome the Son of God when he comes.
the end of the Church’s year approaches, today’s Gospel reading
shows Jesus looking ahead to the last days. The powers of the world
will fall. Heaven and earth will pass away, but the words of Jesus’
teaching will not pass away. He will return in judgement, to save
those who believe in him.
disciples of Christ, we are always looking ahead to eternal life. We
live in this world, but we know that it will pass away, and that
allows us to give the things of this world their true importance.
Like the Lord himself, we do not know the day or the hour, and so we
have to try to live every day of our lives in readiness for
judgement. This doesn’t mean that we are indifferent to the world
we live in: it means, simply, living out the commandments to love God
and love our neighbour – putting our faith in the truth that will
not pass away. Then we can face judgement, not with fear, but with
trust in God’s mercy.
A poor widow gives a small donation to the Temple treasury in Jerusalem. The money would be used to meet the expenses of worship in the Temple, and also to help the poor. Jesus celebrates the woman’s generosity; her gift shows how much the Temple means to her, as the place where she encounters God’s presence. The rich may have given larger sums, but she has made a real sacrifice. In contrast, there are those among the scribes who revel in the prestige of their position, and make a show of piety for their own advantage. Jesus warns that they will be severely judged for their hypocrisy.
we commemorate those who died in the wars of the 20th century, and in
subsequent conflicts. They made the ultimate sacrifice. As we
remember the price that was paid for the freedom and security that we
enjoy today, we are challenged to work for a world where peace rules,
and lives are no longer sacrificed.
The scribes often appear hostile to Jesus in the Gospels. But this scribe approaches him respectfully, and asks a sincere question: which is the first among the commandments of the Law of Israel? Jesus gives a reply that the scribe can easily understand; he refers to their shared heritage, quoting the commandment that God gave to Israel through Moses: you must love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind and with all your strength. He adds a second commandment, also taken from the Scriptures: you must love your neighbour as yourself. Jesus’ response to the scribe’s question shows us that he upholds and treasures the Law that his Father gave to Israel. Jesus gives us the perfect example of obedience to God’s Law in his own life – on the Cross, he gives up his life out of love for his Father and for us. As disciples of Christ, we are called to follow his example.
Bartimaeus is introduced in today’s Gospel as ‘a blind beggar.’ As a blind man, he had to beg in order to survive. He would be shunned and despised by the people, who regarded blindness as a punishment from God. Even when he begins to call out to Jesus for help, the people in the crowd scold him and try to silence him. But Jesus stops to speak to Bartimaeus, perhaps because he sees that the blind man has great faith. He is the first person in Mark’s Gospel to address Jesus as ‘Son of David’ – one of the titles of the Messiah. Then he calls him ‘Rabbuni’ – ‘My master’ or ‘My teacher’ – the same title that Mary Magdalene will address to the risen Christ. Mark contrasts the blindness of the twelve apostles – still arguing over the best places in God’s kingdom – with the faith and understanding of Bartimaeus.
Jesus tells Bartimaeus that his
faith has saved him. He receives his sight back, and becomes a
disciple, following Jesus along the road to Jerusalem. He will see
Jesus’ passion and death with his own eyes. His example inspires us
to call out to Christ for our needs, with faith that he has power to
brothers James and John have a request to make of Jesus. When he is
in glory – reigning as Messiah and King – they hope to sit in the
seats of honour on his right and his left. Their request shows how
completely Jesus’ disciples have failed to understand his teaching.
He has explained again and again that he is calling them to service
and to love of neighbour. Jesus wants his disciples to follow his
example of humility and suffering. Yet the disciples are still
thinking in terms of earthly glory and ambition – still falling
into rivalry and jealousy, even as Jesus prepares himself to face his
suffering and death.
and John did eventually embrace Jesus’ message. After his death and
resurrection, and the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, they
became fearless witnesses and teachers of the Good News, and they
drank the same cup as the Master, giving their lives for Christ. The
Spirit will transform us, too, if we are ready to respond to Christ’s
people of Jesus’ time believed that worldly wealth was a sign of
God’s favour. Rich people were admired and envied. The rich man who
approaches Jesus in today’s Gospel tells him eagerly that he has
kept all the commandments of God’s law from his earliest days. No
doubt he believes that his wealth is God’s reward for living a good
life. Jesus looks steadily at the man and loves him, and then issues
a radical challenge: to give up all of his possessions and follow
Jesus. Once again, Jesus turns the wisdom of the world on its head.
He discerns that this man’s riches are an obstacle that prevent him
from becoming a disciple. He needs to let them go, for the sake of
something better: the treasure in heaven that only Jesus can give
challenge is too much for the rich man, and he goes away sad. He
doesn’t appear again in the Gospels, and we don’t know what
became of him. This Gospel reading prompts us to imagine Jesus
looking at us and loving us. What step does the Lord ask us to take,
to set ourselves free for discipleship?